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TPO37 托福综合写作解析与范文-张晟凯

作者:张晟凯 2020-07-31 18:07 来源:武汉新航道
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TPO37 综合写作 Integrated   Writing Task

阅读部分

中心观点:

商业捕虾船使用的渔网是濒危海龟的一大威胁,而一种叫TED的装置可以避免渔网对海龟的伤害,但TED因以下几个理由遭到了批评。

理由1:

一些捕虾者认为海龟很少被困住,并且TED的使用会让捕虾者损失很多鱼虾。

理由2:

其他方法可能比TED更有效,比如通过缩短时间防止海龟窒息,并让捕虾者有机会把海龟从网里释放出来。

理由3:

TED对体型比较大的濒危海龟是无效的,比如红海龟和棱皮龟等,他们无法通过TED的逃生通道。

 

听力反驳

中心观点:

许多专家认为TED是一种非常好的?;ず9甑姆椒?,以下是他们对这些批评的回应。

理由1:

捕捉到海龟对单搜船可能是罕见的,但美国南部海岸有数千搜船在作业,他们每年可能会捕到成千上万只海龟,在考虑TED的影响时,不要考虑单个捕虾者会损失一些虾,而要考虑整个海龟种群是如何受到整个捕虾业的影响的。

理由2:

时间限制只是理论上的,几乎不可能实行。政府巡逻船无法监控所有补虾船的时间限制。而TED的使用更容易实施,要求仅仅是检查虾船离开港口前,确保他们的渔网有TED。

理由3:

对于一些题型较大的海龟来说,TED确实太小了,但是在需要的地方,制造稍微大一点的TED并不是问题。

 

参考范文:

The passage talks about a solution named Turtle Escape Devices in order to save endangered turtles which are accidentally trapped in the nets of shrimp-fishing boats and die without enough air. The writer criticizes TEDs in three aspects. But the lecturer argues that TEDs are still effective way to protect turtles.

 

First, the writer holds the view that it is rare for turtles to be caught by a shrimper. However, the lecturer contradicts it by stating that there are thousands of shrimpers wandering on the sea. If one shrimper kills one turtle in one year, there can be thousands of turtles die in a year. In addition, turtles have already been endangered animals and their population is small now. So the accident catch by shrimpers can still cause serious problems on them.

 

Second, the writer contends that shrimpers can shorten the time to keep the turtle in traps alive. On the contrary, the lecturer refutes it by standing that this idea is just in theory, because it will be difficult for the government to supervise all those shrimper ships which are dispersedly located on the vast sea. So the second approach put forward by the writer is proved hard to enforce.

 

Third, the writer mentions that current TEDs are too small for some large turtle species to escape. Nevertheless, the lecturer casts doubt on it by holding that it is easy for us to modify the design of TEDs. Larger TEDs can be used in areas where big turtles live. Therefore, the writer’s last idea is proved unconvincing.

 

重点词汇与句型

get caught in

被捉住

incorporate

包含

It is estimated that….

据估计

manage to do sth.

设法做某事

on a daily basis

每天

in comparison with

与……相比

alternative

可替代的

be equipped with

装备

collectively

共同地

in terms of

在……方面

enforce

强制执行

modify

修改


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