作者：北美考试院 托福写作组 李璕
TPO35 综合写作 Integrated Writing Task
16世纪的一位物理学家兼植物学家Ascham可能是该手稿的作者，因为手稿对于植物的阐述与其作品A Little Herbal有相似之处。
创作Voynich manuscript的人是由于所写内容太重要欲用密码加密，这不符合对Ascham其人的认识。Ascham只是一个普通科学家，所写书籍不涉及原创观点。例如，阅读中提及的A Little Herbal是基于众所周知的其他资源对一个普通植物进行的描述。
In the listening passage, the lecturer challenges the three possible origins of Voynich manuscript mentioned in the reading, asserting none of them is convincing.
Firstly, while the author claims that Ascham is a possible author of the manuscript, the lecturer doubts the information Ascham was trying to convey was so important as to use the special code to keep it secret. He points out that Ascham was just an ordinary scientist whose books did not cover original ideas. For example, “A little herbal” mentioned in the reading was a description on a common plant based on widely-known resources. Therefore, Ascham is unlikely to be the author.
Secondly, whereas the author argues that Kelly faked a book of magical secrets to sell it to the wealthy people, the lecturer holds an opposing view that faking such a manuscript requires a lot of care to make it look real. Considering people in the sixteenth century were easy to fool, Kelly would not have needed to put in so much effort to create it when a simpler book can meet his demands.
Lastly, contrary to the author’s belief that the bookseller Voynich faked the book himself, the lecturer contends modern methods for dating the manuscript demonstrate the vellum and ink used were both 400 years ago. Even if the vellum can be taken from some old manuscript, 400-hundred-year-old ink is impossible to get. The manuscript was created centuries before Voynich obtained it and therefore could not be created by him.